Low-Cost 1000 sq ft Shipping Container Home, NSW, Australia

Working with a modest budget, architect Matt Elkan transforms four salvaged shipping containers into a stylish, low-maintenance getaway on the NSW south coast.

About architect
About builder

ProjectSouth Coast Container House
Project TeamMatt Elkan, Daina Cunningham
BuilderLuke Price Total Building Solutions (Moruya)
EngineerBruce Delprado
Containersone 40-foot and three 20-foot shipping containers
Area94 square metres (1,000 square feet) and 40 square metres (430 square feet) of deck
PhotographsSimon Whitbread

Low-Cost 1000 sq ft Shipping Container Home, NSW, Australia.

Economy, simplicity and energy efficiency were the driving principles behind Simon and Elise Byrne’s family getaway, near the coast, two hours from their busy Canberra lives. “We had a very small budget, but we wanted to produce something noteworthy,” says Simon. “I don’t buy the idea that good architecture is only for the wealthy.” He found a good match with sustainable architect Matt Elkan, who was happy to “talk about how cheaply we can build something cool.”

Tailored for the gently sloping block with the street to the west, good north aspect and bushland views to the east, Matt’s design centres around one 40-foot and three 20-foot shipping containers. One of the small ones forms a separate guest pod; the other two host modest bedrooms and are arranged to form an L-shape with the long container, which houses a bathroom, bunkroom and kitchen. A sunken lounge nestles into the corner of the L, and is surrounded by an extensive covered deck providing extra living space to the north and east.

Shipping containers, their design optimised for protecting goods on the high seas rather than housing humans, have limitations for architecture. “It’s all about using them for areas where they work,” explains Matt. “The space available inside is okay for bathrooms and even bedrooms, but pretty pokey for living spaces.”

The layout of Simon and Elise’s low-cost 1000 sq ft shipping container home allows the containers to take care of the smaller spaces and service areas, and steps down to take advantage of the fall of the land to create generous ceiling heights for the living room and decks.

“If a shipping container is to be a good strategy for a building, it needs to really pull its weight. For this build, the containers minimised the need for structural walls and posts for three-quarters of the 1000 sq ft shipping container home, and allowed us to keep the roof structure pretty simple.” He explains that using the containers also reduced the build time and associated costs.

Other strategies for keeping costs down included a minimal footprint – the house and guest pod together are only 94 square metres (1000 sq ft), plus 40 sq m (430 sq ft) more of decking – and a focus on structural efficiency and a restrained form. Material choices were inexpensive, like the structural ply used for floor, wall and ceiling linings, and there’s a certain roughness to the finishes; for example, screws were left exposed. Designing the 1000 sq ft shipping container home to follow the slope of the land allowed for a simple subfloor structure and no excavation, also a significant cost saving.

One area where money was spent, though, was on the double-glazed windows and doors. They were custom made from recycled timber by Architectural Hardwood Joinery, which declares a commitment to ‘carbon negative joinery’. The company chooses to fill nail holes and other imperfections in the timber with black epoxy to celebrate rather than discard damaged sections, resulting in considerably less waste. “I love the doors and windows,” says Simon. “They are just so beautifully crafted.”

Simon, Elise and their two young kids get down to the house every other weekend. “We wanted a place where we could escape from the busyness of everyday living, pare things back, unclutter and unplug,” says Simon. “With its small bedrooms, the house encourages interaction in the living spaces. And it’s quite amazing how you just don’t need as much space as you think. This low-cost 1000 sq ft shipping container home can accommodate 10 people comfortably in its very small floor area, and it’s full of clever little spaces that you can move around and enjoy. It’s surpassed my expectations – and I have fairly high expectations!”

Matt’s pleased with the finished result too. “It turned out one-third of the cost of the next cheapest house we’ve ever designed: I’m proud of that. That’s where my heart is at – I’d love to think that architecture has more relevance to more people by being less expensive. This project is part of a broader story for us, about how to do better things cheaper.”

Description from architect

This project was always about economy, efficiency and how to do as much as possible on a very limited budget. However, the scale belies the efficiency of program and generosity of the outcome. The client’s conviction from the outset was that good architecture does not need to be expensive, and this project attempts to prove the theory.

It is modest in budget (approx 1/3 of the cost of the any other new house undertaken by the office), and also in scale (94m2 + 40m2 decks). The house can sleep 10, and feed many more.

Structurally it is built around 4 containers, with a flat roof and insulated external cladding for thermal performance. The containers are exposed internally and house sleeping and service functions. The floor and decks step down with the site to create generous ceiling heights, views down the block and connection with the ground at all points.

Environmentally, this house attempts to do as much as possible to minimise its impact including : north orientation and zero excavation, zero VOC finishes, natural wool insulation in roof, 100% recycled HW doors and windows with Low E DGUs and 5000L on site water storage.

Simon and Elise’s brief was for a small house that would have a low impact on the site and no excavation. “We wanted minimal concrete; as much sustainable material as possible in the build; zero-VOC finishes; natural wool insulation,” says Simon. 

The container doors were left in place and act as moveable external shading for the bedroom windows when the family is using the house; when they’re away, the doors are closed to help secure it and protect against possible bushfire.

The recycled timber windows and doors were the big luxury item in the build. 

“Matt’s design style is pared back, simple, elegant, clever, with honest use of materials without trying to hide anything,” says homeowner Simon. Interior linings are of structural ply to keep costs down.

It was sometimes a fiddly job to integrate the containers with the rest of the building, but Matt has more than one good word to say for the builder, Luke Price of Total Building Solutions. “It’s hard to imagine a more perfect fit for the job.”

The kitchen is tucked into one end of the 40-foot shipping container that runs along the south side of the home; it overlooks the main living area where the sunken floor creates a higher ceiling. 

Matt opted to insulate and clad the containers externally, maximising the internal space. The resulting exposed metal walls are an aesthetic that wouldn’t suit everyone, but both designer and clients love it.

About architect

AddressSuite 1/6 Waratah St, Mona Vale, NSW 2103, Australia

About builder

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We offer a friendly, professional and personalised service by experienced staff. Local, family owned business with years of experience. We offer you professional advice based on your needs and requirements.

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Local, family owned and operated building supply shop for local tradies, we are an authorized distributor for Inspirations and Dulux paints plus we stock quality hardware brands like Stanley, Bostitch, USG Boral, BGC, Hume Doors & Inspirations Paint Dulux Trade.

Address9 GORE ST, MURGON, QLD 4605, Australia

Doors and windowsArchitectural Hardwood Joinery, ahjoinery.com.au
RoofingCorrugated Klip Lok is Colorbond ‘Monument’, colorbond.com
PlywoodStructalam, Meyer Timber, meyertimber.com.au

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Low-Cost 1000 sq ft Shipping Container Home, NSW, Australia